While World War II usually dominates attention as the largest and most important U.S. war of the 20th century, let’s also consider that perennially “forgotten” conflict of the early 1950s, the Korean War. The participation of U.S. military units in the Korean War is also well documented in Record Group 407, Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917-, particularly in the series “Army-AG Command Reports, 1949-1954” (ARC ID 596354). Similar to the WWII Operations Reports that I discussed in my previous post, the Command Reports include historical reports, operations journals, staff studies, and other documents produced by Army commands, staffs, and units during the Korean War era. Of even more use, within this series there are more than 25,000 file unit items also described on ARC (a link in the “details” tab of the main series ARC description will load all of the file unit descriptions). The records are also indexed by a folder list that is available as a database searchable by unit and as a printout that contains a more detailed listing of the available records for each unit–both forms of the folder list are available to use in the Archives II reference unit at College Park, Maryland. An accessioned “Index to Command Reports, 1949-1954” (ARC ID 596349) is also available. The index consists of cards that give a brief description of the records, including the name of the unit with its administrative or geographic area, file designation (if any), type of record, and date.
If you have an ancestor who served during the Korean War, especially a U.S. Army or Air Force veteran whose personnel file may have been destroyed in the 1973 St. Louis fire, it would definitely be worth your while to search the Korean War-era Command Reports to find more detailed information about the military activities of your relative’s unit during that conflict.