Family Tree Friday: Nonpopulation Census Records – Mortality Schedules

Most genealogists are familiar with the federal population census records and begin their research with these records.  But did you know that the Census Bureau also took a series of Nonpopulation Census records between 1850 and 1880?  They included mortality, agricultural, industrial, social statistics and defective, dependent, and delinquent schedules. These censuses cover the 12 months preceding the take of the census.  For example, the 1860 mortality schedules record deaths that occurred between June 1, 1859, and May 31, 1860.  The censuses are arranged by year and state. 

Even though, unlike the federal population schedules, these schedules do not list everyone, they can provide valuable information you may not find elsewhere.  For example, the mortality schedules often provide the only record of an individual’s death.  This is especially important if you are researching an ancestor who was a slave, as there are almost never any death records for slaves.
1860-mortality-cropped

Here we see Louesa Washington (line 18), who was a black female of 25 years.  She was a slave in Frederick County, Virginia and she died in May of 1860 due to consumption.  The schedule indicates that she had been ill for 425 days before she passed away. 

The mortality schedules can be viewed on www.ancestry.com.  The other nonpopulation schedules are available on microfilm.

This entry was posted in Family Tree Fridays, Genealogy / Family History, Miscellaneous and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Family Tree Friday: Nonpopulation Census Records – Mortality Schedules

  1. K. Noye says:

    Do mortality schedules exist for Perry Co, PA in 1850? Ancestry.com does not have them.

    Like

  2. Katherine Vollen says:

    Hi K.,

    We hold mortality schedules for 1850 Pennsylvania on Microfilm publication M1838. We’ll check with Ancestry to see why they are not online with the later years. In the meantime, email us at inquire@nara.gov with what you’re looking for and we should be able to help you out.

    – Katherine

    Like

    • Katherine says:

      Hi K.,

      I checked with Ancestry.com, and they have digitized everything that was on our microfilm (M1838). Just to be sure, I double checked the microfilm, and didn’t find any schedules for Perry County. Either Perry County didn’t submit any schedules, or the records didn’t survive. I just wanted to let you know.

      – Katherine

      Like

  3. Maureen Edwards says:

    Are there statistical analysis or tabulations of the causes of death for the mortality schedules? Thank you.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s